Found this scenario on “Ref 60”. It’s a good one.
- The official nearest the score table beckons THREE substitutes for Team A onto the court during a dead ball.
- In the wave of Team A’s personnel change, FOUR players leave the court for Team A and play mistakenly resumes with Team A competing one player short.
- The coach for Team A is the first to notice the mistake and grabs a player from the bench and directs the player to “get back on the court” immediately.
- That player does not report into the scorer’s table — but just jumps back into the “live ball” play.
The closest official (or an official with confidence in his/her knowledge of the rule!) should blow their whistle immediately, and after a brief conference, charge Team A with a technical foul for this deceitful entrance by A-5 into the game.
However, with a scenario that has a tardy A-5 frantically running off the bench to join his/her teammates in Team A’s front court is a more benign situation that does not create an unfair advantage and therefore no technical foul should be charged.
Since there is no infraction, no whistle is necessary assuming all of the officials are confident in the rule.
But in most cases, the impulse to blow the whistle and quiet the chaos coming from Team B’s bench and cheering section will win the moment.
So officials should confer quickly and then the Referee provide a brief explanation to the head coach of Team B. Play will resume with a Team A throw in from the point of interruption.
Rule Reference :
NFHS Case Book 10-4-2B and 10-2-5